Bulging discs are a prevalent spinal condition that affects a significant portion of the adult population, often leading to discomfort and a decrease in quality of life. This condition occurs when one of the spinal discs, which act as cushions between the vertebrae, extends beyond its usual boundary. While they can be asymptomatic, in many cases, they result in pain, numbness, or weakness due to the pressure exerted on adjacent nerves. The causes of bulging discs are multifaceted, ranging from age-related wear and tear to lifestyle factors such as poor posture, repetitive strain from certain activities, and even genetic predisposition. Understanding these various causes is crucial for both prevention and effective management of this spinal issue.