Physiatry plays an important role in the non-surgical management of most spine conditions. Physiatrists perform electrodiagnostic studies such as nerve conduction and electromyography.
In addition to a diagnostic tests, a physiatrist can administer a number of injections including epidural injections, facet injections, and trigger point injections. These can help to both make diagnoses when the clinical picture is not clear and also treat pain when a diagnosis has been made. Many patients are able to avoid surgery if their pain is controlled with these less invasive injection techniques.
These tests and interventions can help identify if patients have nerve or muscular disorders.